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The caucasus

travel guides

eurasia

russia

A Comprehensive Travel Guide

Russia – For everyone, the country name evokes a different set of feelings or perceptions more polarizing than most travel destinations. Regardless of one's preconceived notions, it doesn't take long after doing a quick Google search to realize what a great country destination it is for adventurous travelers! Spanning over 11 time zones, Russia is the largest country in the world, and has so much to offer travelers. Whether you take an interest in art, dance, opera, religion, history, or nature – Russia is sure to wow you. See below for a comprehensive guide to Russia!

Places to Visit

vii. plan your trip

vi. cuisine

v. climate & weather

iv. average costs

iii. know before you go

ii. places to visit

i. what to expect

a. budget travel

b. mid-range travel

c. luxury travel

RUSSIA

Moscow

Russia

St. Petersburg

Russia

St. Petersburg

Looking for something specific?

Table of contents

Expect

What can i 

from Russia?

Burana Tower

KYRGYZSTAN

KYRGYZSTAN

Chon-Kemin Valley 

KYRGYZSTAN

Ala-Archa National Park

Russia

Moscow

Russia

Sochi

KYRGYZSTAN

Ala-Archa National Park

KYRGYZSTAN

Chon-Kemin Valley 

Burana Tower

KYRGYZSTAN

Official Language(s) – Russian
Currency – Rouble (RUB)
Capital City – Moscow
Credit Cards & ATMs – Credit cards, including Apple Pay, are widely accepted in large cities. It is incredibly convenient, but be sure to read up on common ATM scams.
Outlets – C & F
Popular SIM Card Providers – Beeline, MTS, MegaFone, Tele2Russia

details

st. petersburg

Know

you go

before

climate & weather

Due to the sheer size of the country, Russia's climate can be broken up by region. To the west of the Urals, also known as "European Russia," cities in the north experience freezing cold winters and rainy, mild summers, whereas cities in the south, such as Sochi, have a more Mediterranean climate. To the east of the Urals we have Siberia and the Far East, which can also be broken up by region. Northern Siberia is, of course, known for its frigid temperatures for the majority of the year. Cities in the southeast, such as Vladivostok, have cold, sunny winters, and wet, dark summers due to their proximity to the Sea of Japan and monsoon season. Finally, the southern plains of Siberia, which includes most cities along the Trans-Siberian Railway, have much more continental weather. 

To best represent the climate of Russia, I've organized the average temperatures & rainfall/sunshine data below by three major cities - St. Petersburg in the northwest, Vladivostok in the southeast, and Sochi in the southwest.

recommended 

WEATHER APPS

Yandex.Weather

Всемирный прогноз погоды

Weather 24

click a season above to see the average temperatures year-round!

weather forecast

spring

spring

summer

autumn

winter

*All data courtesy of Climates to Travel. Visit their website for more information on how this data was collected here.

Average Maximum: 2 °C // 36 °F

Average Minimum: -6 °C // 21 °F

Average Sunshine: 7 hours

Rainy days:  4 days

Average Maximum: 9 °C // 48 °F

Average Minimum: 1°C // 34 °F

Average Sunshine: 6 hours

Rainy days: 7 days

Average Maximum: 15 °C // 59 °F

Average Minimum: 6 °C // 43 °F

Average Sunshine: 6 hours

Rainy days:  8 days

march

april

may

Average Maximum: 2 °C // 36 °F

Average Minimum: -4 °C // 25 °F

Average Sunshine: 4 hours

Rainy days: 9 days

Average Maximum: 9 °C // 48 °F

Average Minimum: 2 °C // 36 °F

Average Sunshine: 6 hours

Rainy days: 8 days

Average Maximum: 16 °C // 61 °F

Average Minimum: 7 °C // 45 °F

Average Sunshine: 8 hours

Rainy days: 8 days

march

april

may

spring

vladivostok

spring

summer

autumn

winter

Average Maximum: 12 °C // 54 °F

Average Minimum: 5 °C // 41 °F

Average Sunshine: 5 hours

Rainy days:  14 days

Average Maximum: 17 °C // 63 °F

Average Minimum: 9 °C // 48 °F

Average Sunshine: 5 hours

Rainy days: 16 days

Average Maximum: 21 °C // 70 °F

Average Minimum: 13 °C // 55 °F

Average Sunshine: 7 hours

Rainy days:  13 days

march

april

may

sochi

st. petersburg

Average Maximum: 17 °C // 63 °F

Average Minimum: 11 °C // 52 °F

Average Sunshine: 4 hours

Rainy days: 11 days

Average Maximum: 21 °C // 70 °F

Average Minimum: 15 °C // 59 °F

Average Sunshine: 4 hours

Rainy days: 11 days

Average Maximum: 23 °C // 73 °F

Average Minimum: 17 °C // 63 °F

Average Sunshine: 5 hours

Rainy days: 10 days

june

july

august

Average Maximum: 20°C // 68 °F

Average Minimum: 12 °C // 54 °F

Average Sunshine: 11 hours

Rainy days: 8 days

Average Maximum: 23 °C // 73 °F

Average Minimum: 15°C // 59 °F

Average Sunshine: 11 hours

Rainy days: 8 days

Average Maximum: 21 °C // 70 °F

Average Minimum: 13 °C // 55 °F

Average Sunshine: 9 hours

Rainy days: 10 days

june

july

august

summer

spring

summer

autumn

winter

Average Maximum: 25 °C // 77 °F

Average Minimum: 17 °C // 63 °F

Average Sunshine: 9 hours

Rainy days: 10 days

Average Maximum: 27 °C // 81 °F

Average Minimum: 20 °C // 68 °F

Average Sunshine: 9 hours

Rainy days: 8 days

Average Maximum: 28 °C // 82 °F

Average Minimum: 20 °C // 68 °F

Average Sunshine: 9 hours

Rainy days: 8 days

june

july

august

st. petersburg

vladivostok

sochi

Average Maximum: 19 °C // 66 °F

Average Minimum: 13 °C // 55 °F

Average Sunshine: 7 hours

Rainy days:  7 days

Average Maximum: 12 °C // 54 °F

Average Minimum: 5 °C // 41 °F

Average Sunshine: 7 hours

Rainy days: 6 days

Average Maximum: 3 °C // 37 °F

Average Minimum: -4 °C // 25 °F

Average Sunshine: 6 hours

Rainy days:  4 days

september

OCTOBER

NOVEMBER

Average Maximum: 15 °C // 59 °F

Average Minimum: 9 °C //48 °F

Average Sunshine: 4 hours

Rainy days:  11 days

Average Maximum: 9 °C // 48 °F

Average Minimum: 4 °C // 39 °F

Average Sunshine: 2 hours

Rainy days: 12 days

Average Maximum: 2 °C // 36 °F

Average Minimum: -2 °C // 28 °F

Average Sunshine: 1 hour

Rainy days:  12 days

september

october

November

autumn

spring

summer

autumn

winter

Average Maximum: 25 °C // 77 °F

Average Minimum: 16 °C // 61 °F

Average Sunshine: 8 hours

Rainy days:  9 days

Average Maximum: 20 °C // 68 °F

Average Minimum: 13 °C // 55 °F

Average Sunshine: 6 hours

Rainy days: 10 days

Average Maximum: 15 °C // 59 °F

Average Minimum: 8 °C // 46 °F

Average Sunshine: 4 hours

Rainy days:  14 days

september

OCTOBER

NOVEMBER

st. petersburg

vladivostok

sochi

Average Maximum: -6 °C // 21 °F

Average Minimum: -13 °C // 9 °F

Average Sunshine: 5 hours

Rainy days: 3 days

Average Maximum: -9 °C // 16 °F

Average Minimum: -16 °C // 3 °F

Average Sunshine: 6 hours

Rainy days: 3 days

Average Maximum: -6 °C // 21 °F

Average Minimum: -14 °C // 7 °F

Average Sunshine: 7 hours

Rainy days: 3 days

DECEMBER

JANUARY

FEBRUARY

Average Maximum: -2 °C // 28 °F

Average Minimum: -6 °C // 21 °F

Average Sunshine: 0 hours

Rainy days: 14 days

Average Maximum: -3 °C // 27 °F

Average Minimum: -8 °C // 18 °F

Average Sunshine: 1 hour

Rainy days: 14 days

Average Maximum: -3 °C // 27 °F

Average Minimum: -8 °C // 18 °F

Average Sunshine: 2 hours

Rainy days: 12 days

december

January

February

winter

spring

summer

autumn

winter

Average Maximum: 12 °C // 54 °F

Average Minimum: 6 °C // 43 °F

Average Sunshine: 3 hours

Rainy days: 17 days

Average Maximum: 10 °C // 50 °F

Average Minimum: 4 °C // 39 °F

Average Sunshine: 3 hours

Rainy days: 17 days

Average Maximum: 10 °C // 50 °F

Average Minimum: 3 °C // 37 °F

Average Sunshine: 4 hours

Rainy days: 14 days

DECEMBER

JANUARY

FEBRUARY

st. petersburg

vladivostok

sochi

vladivostok

st. petersburg

sochi

what to 

wear in 

Pelmeni

blini

Shchi

Pirozhki

приятного аппетита!

browse the culinary scene - click a dish for more info

Russian Cuisine

Blini

PIROZHKI

Shchi

Shuba

приятного аппетита!

browse the culinary scene - click a dish for more info

PIROZHKI

shchi

Olivie

Shuba

приятного аппетита!

browse the culinary scene - click a dish for more info

KVASS

Olivie

Shuba

Shchi

приятного аппетита!

browse the culinary scene - click a dish for more info

Mors

KVASS

Olivie

shuba

приятного аппетита!

browse the culinary scene - click a dish for more info

Mors

KVASS

Pashka

Olivie

приятного аппетита!

browse the culinary scene - click a dish for more info